Psychiatry is a field of medicine that studies people’s mental and nervous diseases. In this context, psychiatrists carry out diagnose and treatment of psychological disorders. Numerous emotional, behavioral, cognitive, and perceptual impairments are among these mental disorders.


A psychiatrist is a medical professional who focuses on the diagnosis and assessment and treatment of psychological disorders. Psychiatrists begin treatment by examining the patient, which can reveal crucial insights about the history and type of the condition. A psychiatric examination includes questions about the patient’s symptoms, medical history, blood, and another testing. They take into account not just what is stated, but also the emotional tone of responses, the cognitive reasons that influence them, and the conduct that goes with them.

Pediatric Psychiatry

Psychiatrists who provide child and family counseling also conduct adolescent counseling, personality tests, and intelligence tests for young children. On the other hand, together with developmental tests, play therapies are also carried out. In addition, supportive psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, reprocessing therapy, and eye movement desensitization therapy are performed.

Diseases Treated by the Psychiatry Department

Psychiatrists and clinical psychologists work together in the Psychiatry Department of Avicenna Hospitals. Patients who come to the hospital with complaints of mental and nervous diseases go through the diagnosis process with techniques such as clinical interviews, examinations, laboratory tests, and imaging. Then the treatment process is determined by the doctor and the treatment starts. There are two ways of treatment. One is a medication treatment called pharmacotherapy, and the other is a spiritual treatment called psychotherapy. The diseases that are diagnosed and treated in the Psychiatry Department are the first to come to mind:

Anxiety disorders

Anxiety, also known as anxiety disorder, is a psychiatric disease that develops when the feeling of anxiety when dealing with lots of challenges and being conscious of potentially hazardous situations, fails to function effectively. When there is no real danger, a person with an anxiety disorder may experience symptoms like worry, trembling, and an elevated heart rate. These people struggle to keep their worries under control. Therefore, they can be relieved with the help of medicine and treatment in the psychiatry department.


One of the most common mental and nervous diseases in society is depression. Depression is common and causes people to experience behavioral and emotional disorders. People with depression are constantly sad. They cannot enjoy the activities enjoyed in the past, they experience problems in their sleep patterns, and their eating habits may change. Psychotherapy is one way to treat depression, but if that isn’t enough, medication may also be used to treat it. Depression can only be completely cured by eliminating the root causes.

Sleep disorders

Having problems with sleep patterns may not only cause fatigue but also increase the risk of experiencing many health problems. If a healthy person has trouble going asleep, feels exhausted despite getting enough sleep, or is continuously awakened by hallucinations should consult a psychiatrist. Non-psychiatric issues such as obesity, heart disease, and a person’s lifestyle can all contribute to sleep disorders.

Bipolar Disorder

It can also be called bipolar, manic-depressive, or bipolar mood-state problems. These patients can show clear ups and downs, and their quality of life can decrease considerably. The patient, who has a manic episode, becomes quite energetic and becomes a strong character that makes outbursts. The depressive episode is the opposite and the patient experiences depression and physical collapse. The disease creates manic and depressive episodes with episodes. The patients are normal at the other times, and neither exuberance nor depression is present. Medication is the only way to manage bipolar disorder.


Schizophrenia is a psychopathic and distressing disease. People with schizophrenia cannot distinguish between real and unreal events, and their brains cannot think normally. Therefore, patients cannot control their physical behaviors and emotions, and thoughts. This insidious disease, which progresses very slowly in its developmental stages, can cause serious problems in later life if it is not treated. Therefore, early diagnosis is the key word in schizophrenia. This disease can be treated with antipsychotic drugs so that it does not progress. Inpatient treatment is also a method that is used extensively in psychiatry.

Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder

This disease generally manifests itself at a young age. The problem of hyperactivity and attention deficit, which is intensely seen in children, is a diagnosis that can be made for those who show too much activity and have difficulty concentrating their attention in one place. Although this disease is not given much importance in our society, it can cause incurable wounds in the lives of children at later ages. An untreated attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder can cause serious damage to a child’s educational life and, accordingly, to the future. For this reason, early diagnosis and treatment are of great importance. Suspected children are given neurological and neuropsychiatric tests. The doctor will next decide whether to provide medicine or treatment.

Post-traumatic stress disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder refers to issues like persistently recalling the aftermath of a negative incident, getting startled easily, experiencing nightmares, and feeling hopeless. Natural disasters, traffic accidents, harassment, and physical assaults are a few examples of these undesirable situations. Patients with such traumas and post-traumatic stress disorder may also have depression and anxiety problems. Medication and psychotherapies are effective treatments for this condition.

Grieving Psychiatric Disorder

It is the state of being destroyed in the face of events that deeply shake the spiritual world, such as losing a loved one, breaking up with a lover, or divorcing from his wife. In other words, although grieving is a natural reaction in people, it can cause psychiatric problems. Doctors know that their patients with grieving reactions will recover over time, and they apply supportive treatment methods. However, if the grief reaction persists after six months and the patient has problems such as unhappiness, suffering, nervousness, and anger, it is essential to begin receiving psychiatric care in the psychiatry department.

Obsessive-compulsive disorders

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is when people focus on disturbing thoughts called obsessions and gain behaviors defined as compulsions to get rid of this situation. OCD can occur because some parts of the brain work more than others. However, OCD may also be brought on by trauma from a previous life. Both pharmacological and behavioral therapy is tested as treatments for patients. OCD is not a self-limiting disease.

Avicenna Hospitals Department of Psychiatry can perform almost like a psychiatric hospital and responds to all patients seeking a psychiatric appointment.

🇹🇷 المستشفى الأكثر ترجيحاً في تركيا لمتحدثي اللغة العربية في عام ٢٠٢٣