In cataract treatment, the natural lens is removed by microinsicion phacoemulsification and replaced with an artificial lens called intraocular lens. The lenses used in cataract surgeries are basicly two groups: monofocal intraocular lens is the first group, the patient sees long sight well but shall use short-sighted glasses. Trifocal intraocular lenses, known as Smar t Lenses are the second group. The patient can see all distances including long, short sight, and the intermediate distances. The age, occupation and expectations of the patients are important in lens selection. FFA (Fundus Fluorescein Angiography) and OCT optic tomography are important diagnostic tests to diagnose patients needing the treatment. 1.The Argon laser photocoagulation can prevent the progression of vascular damage in the early period and prevent permanent loss of vision. 2.İntraocular injections may be required for treatment of macular edema and retinal vascular damage caused by diabetes. 3.Vitrectomy. In very advanced cases, intraocular hemorrhages and intraocular membranes are removed by Pars plana vitrectomy surgery.
Retinal detachment is serious disease that causes visual loss. It may occur at any age. If not treated urgently, it may cause partial or complete vision loss. Retinal detachment is the separation of the layer of pigment epithelium below the retinal nerve layer. It is most commonly seen on patients with high myopia. Argon laser is essential for the treatment of retinal tears. Early diagnosis and treatment of retinal tears is extremely important. Symptoms of retinal tears are light flashes and flying objects. If these symptoms occur, a retinal check must be done as soon as possible. Vitrectomy surgery is necessary if retinal detachment develops. The surgical method can vary depending on the number of retinal tears that cause retinal detachment, the size, the location, and the length of retinal detachment.
Excimer Laser is the surgical method used in the treatment of myopia, astigmatism and hypermetropia. According to the degree of visual impairment, the transparent corneal layer on the eye is reshaped with the Excimer Laser to get cleer vision. What are the treatment methods with Excimer Laser ? 1.PRK-LASEK 2. No touch laser 3. Femto lasik (i-lasik)
Oculoplasty and Blepharoplasty
Oculoplasty involves eyelid and lachrymal duct diseases. Oculoplastic surgery offers a better esthetical appearance for patients and also contribute to better visual function and visual quality.
Catheter treatment for congenital duct problems during babyhood era, surgical treatment to improve congenital or acquired lid-drop problems, surgical approaches to lachrymal duct problems (dacryocystorhinostomy), blepharochalasis, surgeries for eyelid ectropion and entropion, surgeries for eyelid shape dysfunctions, eyelid tumour surgeries, surgeries to solve the problems sourcing from eyelashes.
Strabismus is a clinical picture in which two eyes cannot focus on an object at the same time and / or coordinate movements of the eyes do not exist.
Early diagnosis and early treatment of strabismus is very important. In the treatment of strabismus, our purpose is to increase the visual acuity, to gain the perception of depth, to correct the abnormal head position and double vision if present, to provide free eye movements if possible and to correct the cosmetic complaints. Strabismus treatment methods are classified as non-surgical and surgical methods.
Non-surgical methods are glasses, prismatic glasses and orthoptic treatment. In surgical methods, the reconstruction of the balance, which disrupts the parallels of the eyes, is provided by intervening with the muscles that provide the movement of the eyes.
Macular degeneration occurs as a result of ageing. İt is a slowly progressive disease. it may be seen as a black area in the middle of the visual field with a loss of visual. Smoking, genetic predisposition and unhealthy eating habits are risk factors for macular degeneration.
Decreasing visual acuity, seeing the lines as skewed, black spots in the middle of the centre of vision are the beginning symptoms of this disease Treatment of Macular Degeneration For the treatment of dry type of macular degeneration, preventive treatment, Such as Anti-oxidant A, C, E vitamins, lutein and zinc are used. For the treatment of wet type intraocular injections are used. During this application the patient does not feel any pain.
Glaucoma (eye pressure)
Glaucoma is a progressive and insidious disease that can causes visual loss if not diagnosed and treated early. For this reason, eye pressure should be controlled every year.
Glaucoma is a term used for a range of conditions in which visual nerve damage occurs. Glaucoma treatment is very important for eye health.
Glaucoma is a disease that usually occurs over the age of 40, usually progressing over the years. This disease can damage optic nerve necessary for vision. When vision loss occurs in glaucoma, there is no chance for return. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment is very important.
A careful eye examination is essential for early diagnosis. In the treatment of glaucoma; Medical treatment: There are many drops used in the treatment of glaucoma. Laser Treatment: In glaucoma treatment, laser treatment may apply to patients who have not get adequately responded to medical treatment