Everything you need to know about Plastic and Reconstructive surgery

Plastic and Reconstructive surgery

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Plastic and reconstructive surgery

Plastic surgery serves patients in a wide range of fields. Unlike many surgical branches, this department includes the task of correcting and improving function and appearance at the same time. Plastic and reconstructive surgery include functional corrections and reconstructions.

Plastic surgery

Likewise, the name is a journey to the most beautiful and perfect face and body. Although the concept of aesthetics may change over the ages and cultures, the standards of beauty of the human body have always remained the same, and the closer a person approaches these standards, the better they will feel and their self-confidence increase.

The magic of plastic surgery is that one can find the most appropriate option for one body or shape. However, major plastic surgery procedures are clarified below. If there is a change you want to make and you are thinking about yourself, do not hesitate to contact us and talk to a professional surgeon about it.


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  • Rhinoplasty (correction of the nasal septum)
  • Blepharoplasty
  • Autologous Fat Injection
  • Hollywood Cheek Aesthetics (Bichectomy)
  • Prominent Ear Aesthetics (Otoplasty)
  • Dimples Creation
  • Face and Neck Lifting
  • Breast Aesthetics (breast implants and reconstruction, breast reduction, breast enlargement, breast lifting)
  • Tummy tuck
  • Arm Lift
  • Thigh Lift
  • Laser or Vaser Liposuction
  • Brazilian Butt Lift
  • Body Restoration after weight loss (after tummy tuck surgery)
  • Genital Beautification and Rejuvenation
  • Fillers and Botox Applications

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Plastic and reconstructive surgery (reconstructive surgery) is used to repair the parts of the body affected by congenital and developmental disorders, accidental injuries, infections, tumours, and other diseases. Despite the interest in the appearance obtained here, the main purpose is to restore the organ’s health and function. Moreover, among the common applications of plastic and reconstructive surgery are; Non-healing wounds, scars, facial bone fractures, skin cancers, congenital disorders of the reproductive organs, breast reconstruction, microsurgery, and repairs of extremities such as the nose, lips, and ears.

Nose Surgery (Rhinoplasty)

We have prepared a comprehensive guide on rhinoplasty surgery, which is perhaps one of the most common procedures in plastic surgery history.


It is commonly known as a “nose job”, It is the general term for surgery to change the nose size or shape People who get rhinoplasty to repair their nose, or who are unhappy with their nose, by manipulating and modifying the bone or cartilage and other subcutaneous tissues. Rhinoplasty is one of the most common types of plastic surgery. In addition to the procedure’s well-known cosmetic benefits. However, rhinoplasty has evolved to have much more variable and polytropic applications, such as to help with breathing problems that affect sleep and the ability to exercise or to improve nasal function after a traumatic injury or illness. The goal of rhinoplasty is to revise the nose to the patient’s desired appearance and functionality, keeping in mind skin type and the entire face architecture.

According to the incision technique rhinoplasty is performed. It can be divided into two parts, a closed procedure (Closed Rhinoplasty), where incisions are hidden inside the nose, or an open procedure, where an incision is made across the columella (the narrow strip of tissue that separates the nostrils). The surgeon can decide on both methods immediately or during the first examination before rhinoplasty.

Blepharoplasty (Eyelid Surgery)

If the eyelids start to droop significantly, this will limit your field of vision. Upper and lower eyelid surgery can make your eyes appear younger and more open. Eye cosmetic surgeries improve the appearance of the upper and lower eyelids. Blepharoplasty, lower lid blepharoplasty, is a surgical procedure to treat drooping eyelids and remove sagging skin. During this type of plastic surgery, a doctor removes skin, muscle, and sometimes fat that may be causing the area around your eyes to sag.

Almond Eye Surgery

Also known as tilted eye aesthetics, is a procedure done to correct sagging of the lower lid contour, which is a common feature in many individuals and can result in a tired, sad, and withdrawn appearance, and to make the eyes look more attractive.

Lower Eyelid Surgery

Also known as “lower lid blepharoplasty” As you age, your skin naturally loses elasticity and fat padding. This can make the lower eyelid appear puffy, wrinkled, and baggy. Lower eyelid surgery can make the undereye smoother, creating a more youthful look. but with time and age the collagen and elastin, which help skin look plump and healthy, begin to decline. This situation is reflected in the eye area first. It results in the concentration of lipids in the lower eyelids as fibres with decreased elasticity of the skin to weaken the supportive structures surrounding the eyes. When this process occurs, the remaining pockets of fat usually begin to move forward and settle under the eyelids, resulting in “drooping” and tired eyes.

Lower eyelid surgery ( known as lower eyelid plastic surgery) is a cosmetic procedure that helps correct loose skin, excess fat, and wrinkles in the lower eye area. In lower lid blepharoplasty, instead of removing eyelid fat, the excess fat is transferred to the eye cavity to reduce puffiness in the skin (sebum bump) and fill the cavity of the eyelid. This technique smooths out the asymmetry in the eye contour and gives freshness to the appearance of the eye. Sagging skin, wrinkles, puffiness, and under-eye bags that go down the lower eyelids can reduce the attractiveness of your eyes and create an unwanted appearance. Lower eyelid surgeries can be performed alone or in combination with other surgeries such as facelifts and will look younger and younger.

Autologous Fat Injection

Also known as Autologous Fat Transfer, is a procedure, that helps improve the volume of the face and facial recontouring wherever desired by using one’s own body, which is claimed to be a safe procedure. It requires harvesting fat from other body parts, and the abdomen is usually the most recommended area for fat harvesting, which undergoes purification and infiltration and is then mixed with several growth factors before they are injected. The success rate of fat injection depends on the survival of these fat tissues, which present different degrees of absorption or loss due to individual physical activity.

  • How is the operation performed?
  • What are the factors of a successful Autologous Fat Injection?
  • What are the regions that can be injected with Autologous fat?
  • What to expect after the operation?
  • Autologous Fat Transfer Cost

Cheek Aesthetics

Also known as “Hollywood Cheeks Surgery”, it is a process that refers to the removal of the excess intra-fat of the cheeks to make the cheekbones more visible which gives a thinner face appearance. It is called Hollywood Cheeks because it has become a preferred choice of Hollywood celebrities (in both men and women), which makes the face a more attractive, youthful, and radiant appearance. The procedure includes the removal of the excess fat pads from the cheeks area and results in the enhanced appearance of cheeks and cheekbones, which makes the face appear thinner.

Prominent Ear Aesthetics (Otoplasty)

One of the common problems that people face and have been unpleasant with and causes them aesthetical insecurities is the Prominent ears or “Bat ears”, this problem can be solved by applying ear correction surgery which is called Otoplasty or Prominent Ear Surgery. The goal of this aesthetic procedure is to correct the ear’s location, size, and shape, and reshape the ear’s cartilage to improve the general appearance of the ear. This problem which can easily be corrected and solved by a simple and no-risk intervention can cause psychological problems that affect people’s social relationships and lifelong mental status. This surgery aims to restore the person’s confidence and thus improves their social relations with ease.

This condition, which does not affect the general body’s function, therefore cannot be described as a disease; but an ear deformity, which can be treated with modern medicine’s techniques and facilities. With modern technology, the concept of aesthetic surgeries began to change, and problems that were ignored in the past can now be easily solved by plastic surgery with modern medicine.

Dimples Creation

Dimple Surgery

Dimples are considered a sign of attractiveness, and beauty. In general, the dimple is a hereditary trait transmitted from the parents, this explains its appearance and absence in people. Dimples are a genetic anomaly, occurring as a result of the failure or death of some underlying facial muscles that cause the appearance of dimples, so these dimples appear in infants a lot and disappear when they get older, due to the stretching of their muscles. However, in our time it has become possible to have dimples even if you do not bear with it has been accepted by people in recent years and increasing in popularity and we are seeing more people have it done. Of course, this aesthetic procedure is not limited to the face area only but also can be done on the mouth edges, chin (jaws), and the back between the waist and butt.

Face and Neck Lifting

Face Lift

The ageing process differs from one person to another, the Face and neck are the first places where they succumb to gravity and undergo the effects of ageing. Face skin that decreased volume is the first indicator of the onset of ageing. The face and neck lift operation tightens and removes the sagging and hanging skin, thus hiding the appearance of wrinkles and lines that appear on the face and neck, and it also addresses the problem of losing fatty tissue between the skin and muscles to refresh and rejuvenate the face and neck area. A variety of procedures are used in the Aesthetic Center of Avicenna / Atasehir for facelifts to achieve the most balanced and natural results. The surgeon begins by providing consultations to patients and determines the procedures to be performed according to each patient’s condition

Neck Lift

With age, the skin of the neck and the face like all other tissues loosen and sag. Thus, the angle between the neck and the chin disappears. In people who gain and lose significant weight, the area under the chin is the first place where fat is collected, and the skin under the neck becomes flabby at a young age. Muscles and subcutaneous fatty tissue begin to sag down

Breast Aesthetics

What is Mammoplasty?

What is Mastopexy?

What is Breast Lift surgery?

What are the symptoms of Gynecomastia?

  • swelling
  • ache
  • pain and sensitivity
  • Symptoms such as draining fluid from one or both nipples

Gynecomastia operation

Surgical intervention is the most effective and reliable method for treating gynecomastia. The type of intervention to be performed is determined after the pre-operative examinations. Again, different methods can be used depending on the type of gynecomastia. For example:

  • Glandular Gynecomastia, the predominant hard tissue of the breast must be surgically removed
  • Mixed-type gynecomastia, there are both glandular and adipose tissue, surgery and liposuction are used together in this type.
  • In Sebaceous gynecomastia, the dominant part is adipose tissue (fat), and it can only be treated with liposuction. In another classification, the size of breast tissue and excess skin is evaluated. The type of surgical intervention is determined accordingly.

Tummy Tuck and Liposuction

The Tummy Tuck is also known as “Abdominoplasty Abdomen Lifting or full tummy tuck”. It is a procedure that involves removing fat tissue and excess skin in the middle and lower abdomen. In tummy tuck surgery, a flat and tightened abdomen is created by stretching the underlying muscles of the abdominal wall.

Tummy tuck surgery is generally suitable for people who suffer from abnormalities in the abdominal skin and muscles as a result of pregnancy, frequent births, and excess weight gain or loss, which result in loosening and sagging skin in the abdominal area which can be annoying, especially for mothers who have just given birth.

You can perform tummy tuck surgery to tighten the skin of the abdomen and repair deformed muscles. For impressive and pleasant results, Liposuction and tummy tuck surgery can be combined to reach the most satisfying and tightened body.

Full Tummy Tuck and Autologous Fat Injection

Patients who want to combine a full tummy tuck surgery with liposuction can use local fats extracted from different body parts such as thighs, abdomen, or back to shape and contour their body and face lines. Autologous fat extracted from the abdominal area can be evaluated in breast augmentation, cheek, or buttock aesthetic operations. The combined aesthetic operations will help the patient to experience more effective changes.

What is a mini tummy tuck?

The mini tummy tuck is performed on the lower abdomen part, through a small incision in the lower abdomen area between the pubic area and navel which is less invasive than a full tummy tuck, the navel is not touched or changed. The mini tummy tuck surgery tightens the loose and sagging skin and flattens that area. The surgery takes between 2-5 hours. As a result of the surgery, there will only be a small scar in the pubic area which is invisible from the outside. In some patients, Liposuction may be used to get rid of excess fat as well.

Arm Lift

It is also called Brachioplasty which is an aesthetic surgery to remove and cut the excess sagging skin of the upper arm to create a tighter, non-swinging, and firmer aesthetic appearance, by forming an incision in the lower inner part of the upper arm. The presence of sagging skin in this area due to many different reasons including ageing, obesity, genetic factors and others

Thigh lift (legs lift)

The leg is one of the areas most affected by changes in the body, such as gaining or losing weight and ageing. When the skin loses its elasticity, especially in the inner region of the leg, it creates an unpleasant appearance from an aesthetic point of view. Leg aesthetic surgery is performed in a hospital and operating room environment under general or local anaesthesia, depending on the doctor’s decision, and lasts about two hours. In thigh lift fluctuations, sagging, irregularities and abundant loosened skin of the inner thighs are removed.

During this operation, an incision is made in the leg area which is placed on the inner side of the crotch so that it stays on the inner side of the thigh and descends towards the knee, and the excess skin is removed. The percentage of skin that will be removed varies depending on the technique used and the patient’s skin amount. After that, the incision is sutured. Liposuction can be performed as a complementary procedure during a leg lift to get the best results.

Fat removal by Vaser liposuction

Nowadays, the problem for everyone, whether men or women, has become the excess fat in the body, and thanks to Vaser liposuction, which breaks the fat cells and dissolves them from the deepest tissue inside the body without the need for surgical intervention. The latest feature (absence of surgery), shortens the recovery period and the healing process has become easier.

Ultrasound Liposuction

The use of ultrasound technology allows the dissolving of fat deposits by breaking them apart and disrupts the connection between fat cells and the underneath muscles. Vaser Liposuction is a type of ultrasound liposuction, and it does not lead to tissue damage. This technique is used for precise body shaping and sculpting by dissolving the fats by means of ultrasound waves.

Brazilian butt lift (BBL)

Today, the shape and proportion of the hips are important factors for an attractive and flawless body. With the buttock augmentation method, we shape the hips using autologous fat injection. Special fat transfer techniques are used to achieve fuller, rounder, and more enhanced hips and an hourglass body contour.

Post-Bariatric plastic surgery

With the development of medicine and technology, losing extreme weight is a big change in a person’s life, and patients who have undergone obesity surgery (Bariatric Surgery) to lose significant weight usually require another surgery after losing weight surgery to reshape and contour the body and to get rid of the excess sagging skin and fat tissue that may remain after losing weight.

After losing weight, aesthetic applications should be used to get rid of deformities and create more beautiful contours from an aesthetic point of view. After losing weight surgery is performed on different parts of the body including the face called post-Bariatric surgery.

Lower body tightening (lower belt left)

Adipose tissue and excess fats are removed under the influence of general anaesthesia, and the deformities that occur in the body as a result of excessive weight loss are eliminated. These abnormalities differ from one person to another. This deformity changes according to the patient’s genetic traits and physical activity. It occurs in more than one part of the body such as the thigh, waist, hip, abdomen, and back. The process aimed at reshaping. Lower belt liposuction operations, which take 6-8 hours on average, can be combined with leg lift operations.


After various obesity operations, sagging occurs in the skin around the abdomen. A lipectomy is a procedure that aims to remove the loose and sagging skin and tighten the underlying abdominal wall muscles to redefine the waist and abdomen area to provide a new body contour.

Arm Lift

After bariatric surgery, the majority of patients experience excess skin in the arm area. An arm lift is applied to get rid of excess fat and stretch the skin and fat lump if any and give the patient a more acceptable aesthetic appearance. Surgeons make specific incisions according to the density of loosened skin in the upper and lower arms. These incisions can only remain in the upper arm or extend from the armpit to the inner part of the upper arm. The incisions become hidden in the inner part of the arm.

Thigh Lift

Excessive sagging and loosened skin In the inner thighs results in irregularities and fluctuations problems that give an uncomfortable and unpleasant aesthetic image of the legs. The skin sags due to genetic traits, pregnancy, ageing or losing or gaining excessive weight. Before applying Thigh Stretching surgery the patient should have a stable weight. Various methods can be applied depending on the sagging area and skin and fat tissue thickness. The incisions are usually made in the line between the groin and the bikini. The method of application is decided by the specialist doctors according to the patient’s condition.

Breast Aesthetics

Breast sagging appears frequently in those who lose excess weight, and in women over age 45 and it is also corrected through post-bariatric aesthetic applications. It is normal for some scarring to occur in breast operations. In some patients, scars remain almost invisible after breast reconstruction

Back Aesthetics

It is generally performed using a horizontal incision, the muscles are tightened further. During the operation, great importance is given not to damage the nerves and tissues. Patients get rid of the physical burden and achieve an aesthetic appearance. beautification of the face Face and neck sagging occurs due to weight loss after obesity surgery procedures.

Genital Aesthetics

Female genital surgery includes the following areas


adjustment and reduction of the inner and outer labia Labioplasty are one of the operations of the facelift of the female genitalia, and a procedure to change the inside and outside of the labia to get rid of sagging in the inner lips of the vagina. Malformations of the inner and outer labia of the vagina are among the most common cosmetic issues in the genital areas. Most notably, the labia are enlarged, the difference in their size, or the asymmetry between them. This situation causes aesthetic problems as the inner lips come out too far from the outer lips and the inner lips hang down and become empty.

These problems usually appear with age and sometimes in young adults after childbirth. The excess of the inner lips, which are considered poor aesthetically or cause pain during intercourse, can be removed. Through a simple operation, the excess tissue in the inner and outer blades is cut. At the same time, the asymmetric structure is restored and the hollow lips can be filled in. After labioplasty, the patient can easily return to his daily life. However, sexual intercourse should be avoided for 4-5 weeks during the recovery period.

Vaginoplasty (Vagina Tightening)

The increase in the size of the vagina and the widening of the vagina may lead to sexual dissatisfaction, and it may occur usually due to frequent births or ageing and old age. Vaginal tightening operations contribute to strengthening the muscles in the genital area and reducing the internal and external diameter of the vagina. After applying the vaginal narrowing process, the quality of sexual performance increases and thus leads to the narrowing of the vaginal canal to help increase the pleasure between spouses and enable the spouses to complete their lives with psychological comfort. Vaginal tightening is performed in a very short and easy way without the need for general anaesthesia since vaginal tightening is performed in two ways; Classical operations in narrowing the vagina, and laser methods. Vaginal tightening procedures can now be performed more effectively and successfully with radiofrequency waves after laser.


This is a short name for botulinum toxin, which is a muscle relaxer obtained from the bacteria Clostridium botulinum, that blocks the action of certain nerve types. Botox can be injected directly into the tiny muscles of facial expression to relax the muscle tension on the skin, which creates lines and wrinkles with age; this affected muscle is temporarily paralyzed and relaxed. Without the movement of these selected muscles in the face, certain wrinkles may be softened, reduced, or even removed. It’s been on the market for over two decades, and has been used to treat neurological disorders that cause muscle weakness, and also to treat other medical conditions. Botox has been used safely for decades.


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