Neurosurgery (Brain And Nerve Surgery)
Spine and Spinal Cord Surgery
- Herniated discs
- Cervical disc hernia
- Back hernia; Waist-neck and back hernias are characterised by pain caused by tears resulting from strains in the cartilage structure, which serve as cushions between the vertebrae to assist in carrying the load, rendering them susceptible to tears. 15% require surgical intervention
- Narrowing of the canal in the neck
- Narrowing of the canal in the waist; A condition characterised by the pinching of the spinal cord that is located in the canal, and of the nerves detaching from the spinal cord, as a result of a narrowing in the canal in the neck/waist. It is treatable only by surgical intervention, which widens the canal to relieve the spinal cord and the nerves that are pinched.
- Slipped vertebra (spondylolisthesis) The slipping of a vertebra over another as a result of damage in the locking mechanism connecting the vertebrae to each other. Surgical intervention is performed in cases that cause pain to the extent of disrupting the patient’s quality of life and causing damage to the adjacent spinal cord/nerves. Spinal cord tumors are rare. They are rarer in childhood. They may be benign or malign
- Spinal fractures In addition to those that occur due to accidents, they are often seen in older age groups due to an impairment in bone quality due to aging.
- Brain tumors They can be seen in every age group. They may be benign or malign. Those that are benign may be observed if small in size. Surgical inter
vention is the only treatment against those that reach a certain size and exert pressure on the brain tissue, or those that are malign.
- Brain hemorrhages They usually occur due to high blood pressure / trauma. They are pathologies posing serious threat to life. Surgical intervention is preferred except for deeper ones and those smaller than 3 cm in diameter.
- Normal pressure hydrocephalus It is a condition in which the cerebrospinal fluid, which is regularly produced in the brain to discharge the waste of the brain, fails to flow out due to a narrowing/blockage of its paths due to advancing age, is imprisoned in the cranium, and exerts pressure on the brain tissue.
- Chiari malformation It is a congenital disorder in which the cerebellum is located below its normal position and exerts pressure on the spinal cord within the spinal canal, which has a diameter that allows only the spinal cord. It is mostly recognized by chance. Surgery is recommended if the part reaching the canal is 5 mm or larger.
Nerve compressions are most common in the hand/arm. They rarely cause nerve compression that will require surgical intervention. Nerve tumors are very rare.
- Brain hemorrhages and injuries
- Cranial fractures
- Spinal fractures
- Spinal cord injuries surgical procedures aiming at removing pressure on the brain/spinal cord tissue when needed according to the shape/size/location of the pathology. None of these interventions have the effect of reversing the damage the brain and spinal cord tissues have suffered until the patient is seen by the physician.
- The objective is to prevent further damage, and to allow the repair of the damage by the body.